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Posted on September 21, 1999

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  The Add Me! Newsletter            *** ISSUE #62 ***
  "Free tips for promoting your website and business"
  
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                ...TODAY'S ARTICLE...

 
              >> Browser Differences <<


  ........................................................
  September 21st, 1999                   *** ISSUE #62 ***
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             .....TODAY'S ARTICLE.....



                Browser Differences
               =====================


  by Steve G. White

  Which Browser do you use? If you design web pages and you 
  answered either Netscape Navigator (NN) or Internet Explorer 
  (IE) you are wrong. You are also wrong if you answered any 
  other Browser (you probably did not).

  Internet Explorer (65%) and Netscape Navigator (26%) account 
  for by far the majority of Browsers being used. The other 
  few percent are mostly specialty Browsers used for a specific 
  function although there are still some alternative and original 
  Browsers still being used.

  So why is it wrong to use either of these Browsers? The reason 
  is because there are enough differences between how these 
  Browsers will display a page that it is imperative that you 
  test your Web Page creations with both. If for example, you 
  import HTML into your page with a script error, you may find 
  it works just fine when viewed in IE. Visitors to your site 
  using NN may see a jumbled mess and leave wondering what your 
  site was all about. The reason is that IE is far more forgiving 
  of Script Errors than Netscape.

  The W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) is responsible for defining 
  the standards that the Browsers are supposed to conform to when 
  displaying web pages. This only works so far. There are many 
  things that the standards do not address and other things that 
  either the browser manufacturer will not or can not conform to. 
  In addition, the manufacturers like to include add-on features 
  that the "other" manufacturer does not have.


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  In addition to the difference in the way the Browsers handle 
  errors, there are many stylistic differences in the way they 
  will display a page. For example, Netscape will display background 
  text color in a 
tag only behind the text while Internet Explorer will fill the entire bounding box. Other differences include Border Styles, Fill styles and Scroll Bar styles. There are many more and probably noone knows them all. The only way to know how your page is going to appear to a user is to test it the way a user may see it. This means installing both Browsers on your machine. (Yes it is possible.) You should also test with different system resolutions and with both Large and Small system fonts. On Windows platforms the worst resolution is either 640x480 or 800x600 with large fonts. You should also test with different color resolutions. That JPEG image that looks great at 24 bits may look awful at 256 color resolution. Ask your friends and colleagues to test your pages and do the same for them. Both Netscape and Microsoft are working on major updates to their Browsers that will conform to a standard DOM (Document Object Model) as specified by the W3C. This will hopefully address the most significant incompatibility between the Browsers which relates to Dynamic HTML. One thing is for certain however. While there is more than one computer user visiting your web site, there will be more than one way to see it. You must test across as many possible configurations as possible. If you are not aware of it, the W3C or World Wide Web Consortium is a group of Internet professionals responsible for defining the www standards such as HTML. The W3C web site is at http://www.w3.org/ and contains all kinds of useful Internet information. ------------------------------------------------------------- Steve G. White is a successful software developer responsible for multi-million dollar graphics and animation applications distributed worldwide. Steve is the President and lead software developer at Virtual Mechanics which develops HTML and Dynamic HTML applications listed on ZDNet and Beyond.com amongst others. Steve also publishes IMS Web Tips, a weekly newsletter of tips and tricks for web site design and promotion. http://www.VirtualMechanics.com/news/webtips.htm ------------------------------------------------------------- This newsletter is sent to you as part of the free Add Me! submission service you have used recently. If you have missed previous issues of the Add Me! Newsletter you can find them at: http://www.addme.com/previous.htm The contents of this newsletter do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Add Me, Inc. Add Me, Inc makes no warranties, either expressed or implied, about the truth or accuracy of the contents of the Add Me! newsletter. We want this newsletter to be the best one around. If you have suggestions, ideas, or feedback about this newsletter, feel free to email us at mailto:suggest-list@addme.com To subscribe to this newsletter, please go to http://www.addme.com/list.htm Interested in writing an article for this Newsletter? Go to http://www.addme.com/list.htm for more info! If you are interested in sponsoring this newsletter, place your order online: http://www.addme.com/list.htm ================================================== (c) Copyright 1998-1999 Add Me, Inc ==================================================

 

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